Responsible: Organic farming concepts
Bhutan counts on favorable conditions for organic farming and wild collection:
- A wide range of ecological zones
- High genetic diversity of domestic and wild species
- Small land tenure with 56% of the rural households owning 1-5 acres
- Continuation of traditional farming systems with a comparatively low input in agro-chemicals
- Organic production fits well with the Kingdoms policy towards a sustainable development of the agricultural sector.
- Organic production enables farmers to produce agricultural good of high quality integrating environmental conservation practices.
- Organic farming contributes to the development of the currently underdeveloped private sector in Bhutan.
Rural communities engage in responsible use of natural resources Lemon Grass – Cymbopogon flexuosus according to government approved management plans.
2000: Ministry of Agriculture & Ministry of Trade and Industries jointly organized a workshop on Organic Farming.
2003: Organic program was initiated as a component of Rural Enterprise Development Program (REDP) under Horticulture Division, Department of Agriculture
2004: Bio Bhutan obtained it’s first third party organic certificate. That time the certification was carried out by INDOCERT, India’s first indigenous certification body. Today, certification according to the standards of the European Union are carried out by the Institute of Market Ecology (IMO) under ECOCERT.
2006: The National Framework for Organic Farming in Bhutan was published.
Today: the organic program is an integral part of the Department of Agriculture. The Ministry of Agriculture and Forests is the focal agency for coordinating and implementing activities for promotion of organic agriculture in Bhutan in consultation with relevant stakeholders.
Harvesting of non-wood forest products:
- lemongrass oil (Cymbopogon flexuosus)
- wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens)
- rhododendron (Rhododendron anthopogon)
- chirata (Swertia chirata)
- artemisia (Artemisia sp.)
follows government approved management plans.
Publications by Bio Bhutan
Trial Distillation of Wintergreen and Artemisia” to promote people’s participation in environment conservation and forest management by Dozam Community Forestry Management Group (DCFMG) in Dramitse, Mongar.
Certificate for the wild collection & processing of lemongrass Cymbopogon flexuosus
Certificate for the wild collection & processing of rhododendron (Rhododendron anthopogon).